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What to know about dry skin



What to know about dry skin

What to know about dry skin

Most people have skin. It happens when the skin lacks the moisture or oil it needs to support itself and stay soft and supple.

This article explains some of the common causes of dry skin, including environmental and medical conditions. It also looks at how people can prevent and treat acne.

What is dry skin?

To stay healthy and perform its function, the skin needs water and natural oils to stay soft, smooth and supple. Without water and oil, the skin can become dry.

It prevents the entry of harmful microorganisms such as viruses and bacteria into the body.

Symptoms vary from mild to severe. This may include:

  • The skin is painful or itchy
  • Hard leather has a rough texture
  • cracks in the skin
  • Skin burning or itching.
  • The skin is loose and wrinkled
  • Peeling of the skin

Soft skin is common. Sometimes more severe cases of dry skin may require treatment.

According to the American Dermatology Association (AAD), some people have sensitive skin. Includes:

  • People over 40 have less fat in their skin.
  • Those that are brown, dark or light
  • Their employees mean that their hands are often in the water, such as nurses and hairdressers
  • People who live in cold places
  • smokers

What causes dry skin

Acne can be caused by a variety of factors, including environmental factors and certain medical conditions.

Environmental factors for dry skin include:

  • Use strong deodorants or cleaning agents
  • Take a long shower or hot shower
  • Lives in cold and dry conditions.
  • Using a heat source such as central heating or a dry wood stove

Sometimes dry skin can cause medical conditions.


The body uses water to carry out many important processes and functions. If people use more water than they need, they can die. It affects the whole body and can cause skin rashes.

You can prevent dehydration by drinking enough water every day.


Eczema describes a skin disease that causes itching, inflammation and dry skin. These conditions include atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, scaly eczema, seborrheic dermatitis and stasis dermatitis.

Diabetes mellitus

When a person has diabetes, their body cannot control the level of sugar in their blood properly.


High blood sugar can cause dry skin.

Kidney disease

The kidneys perform many functions. One of them is to remove waste and excess water from the body.

If the kidneys are not working properly, the body cannot maintain the correct balance of minerals, nutrients and water in the blood. People with kidney disease often urinate more than usual.

All this reduces the amount of water in the body and can cause dehydration.


People with eating disorders, anorexia, limit their food intake. This can lead to malnutrition, which can lead to dry skin.



People with HIV often have darker skin than people without the virus. Researchers have shown that this can be due to several reasons:

  • How viruses affect the immune system
  • The man is insatiable
  • Side effects of the drug


Some medicines can affect the water balance in the body and make the skin dry. Includes:

  • diuretics
  • Laxative
  • Antacids
  • Antihistamines
  • High blood pressure medication

Problems may arise

Dry skin usually does not indicate the presence of an underlying disease. Most cases can be treated with self-help or medical help.

If left untreated, dry skin can cause the following problems:


With dry skin cracks, harmful microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses can enter the body. This can lead to infection.

Permanent changes in the skin

Excessive scratching, for example, can lead to permanent changes in the skin.

  • Brave correction
  • constant itching
  • color changes

Treatment and recovery

Dry skin is usually treated by drinking plenty of water and using moisturizers regularly.

The AAD recommends using a lotion or cream throughout the day to relieve dry skin. Ointments and emulsions are more effective than creams.


Important things, e.g.

  • jojoba oil
  • dimethicone
  • glycerol
  • Hyaluronic acid
  • lactic acid;
  • lanolin
  • Get the oil
  • oil-
  • Shea butter

Doctors often prescribe the treatment for people with skin conditions such as eczema.

If the dry skin is caused by a medical condition, such as diabetes or poor appetite, the doctor will work with the person to treat the condition.

If dry skin is a side effect of the medicine, it usually goes away when you stop taking the medicine. However, people should not take prescription drugs without first talking to a doctor.


There are many things people can do to prevent rashes. This includes:

  • Bathe in fire, not in fire, but in water
  • Do not stay in the shower for more than 10 minutes.
  • Use only mild, non-toxic cleaning agents.
  • No smoothing, no massage, no dry skin after washing
  • Apply more moisturizer immediately after cleansing.
  • Do not sit or stand near heat sources such as stoves.
  • I drink a lot of water

After consultation with a doctor

If the above recommendations do not help, or if the skin starts to interfere with everyday life, you should consult a doctor.

The doctor can examine the skin and recommend the best treatment.



Dry skin is a common health problem. It occurs when the skin doesn’t get the water or oil it needs to take care of itself. Dry skin can be red, itchy, swollen and painful.

Environmental factors such as cold or dry air can dry out the skin. It can be caused by conditions such as eczema, dehydration and diabetes.

People can solve many skin problems by doing simple things like drinking water. However, some people occasionally need a prescription.

If people find that their dry skin is not responding well to home remedies or is interfering with their daily lives, they should see a doctor.

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